Lima Fire Department instructs school students
on fire prevention and fire safety. If you would like the
Department to visit your school, please send us an email.
FAST FACTS ABOUT FIRE & FIRE PREVENTION
In 2011, U.S. fire departments responded
to 370,000 home structure fires. These fires caused 13,910
civilian injuries, 2,520 civilian deaths, $6.9 billion
in direct damage.
On average, seven people die in US home
fires per day.
Cooking is the leading cause home fires
and home fire injuries, followed heating equipment. Smoking
is a leading cause of civilian home fire deaths.
Most fatal fires kill one or two people.
In 2011, 12 home fires killed five or more people resulting
in a total of 67 deaths.
US Fire Departments responded to an estimated
annual average of 156,600 cooking-related fires between
2007-2011, resulting in 400 civilian deaths, 5,080 civilian
injuries and $853 million in direct damage.
Two of every five home fires start in the
Unattended cooking was a factor in 34% of
reported home cooking fires.
Two-thirds of home cooking fires started
with ignition of food or other cooking materials.
Ranges accounted for the 58% of home cooking
fire incidents. Ovens accounted for 16%.
Children under five face a higher risk of
non-fire burns associated with cooking than being burned
in a cooking fire.
Microwave ovens are one of the leading home
products associated with scald burn injuries not related
to fires. Nearly half (44%) of the microwave oven injuries
seen at emergency rooms in 2011 were scald burns.
Clothing was the item first ignited in less
than 1% of home cooking fires, but these incidents accounted
for 16% of the cooking fire deaths.
The leading factor contributing to heating
equipment fires was failure to clean, principally creosote
from solid fueled heating equipment, primarily chimneys.
Portable or fixed space heaters, including
wood stoves, were involved in one-third (32%) of home
heating fires and four out of five (80%) home heating
Half of home heating fire deaths resulted
from fires caused by heating equipment too close to things
that can burn, such as upholstered furniture, clothing,
mattresses or bedding.
In most years, heating is the second leading
cause of home fires, fire deaths, and fire injuries. Fixed
or portable space heaters are involved in about 4 out
of 5 heating fire deaths.
During 2007-2011 smoking materials caused
an estimated 17,900 home structure fires, resulting in
580 deaths, 1,280 injuries and $509 million in direct
property damage, per year.
Sleep was a factor in one-third of the home
smoking material fire deaths.
Possible alcohol impairment was a factor
in one in five of home smoking fire deaths.
In recent years, Canada and the United States
have required that all cigarettes sold must be "fire
safe," that is have reduced ignition strength and
less likely to start fires.
About half (49%) of home electrical fires
involved electrical distribution or lighting equipment.
Other leading types of equipment were washer or dryer,
fan, portable or stationary space heater, air conditioning
equipment water heater and range.
Electrical failure or malfunctions caused
an average of almost 50,000 home fires per year, resulting
in roughly 450 deaths and $1.5 billion in direct property
During 2007-2011 candles caused 3% of home
fires, 4% of home fire deaths, 7% of home fire injuries
and 6% of direct property damage from home fires.
On average, there are 32 home candle fires
reported per day.
Roughly one-third of these fires started
in the bedroom; however, the candle industry found that
only 13% of candle users burn candles in the bedroom most
More than half of all candle fires start
when things that can burn are too close to the candle.
According to an NFPA survey, only one-third
of Americans have both developed and practiced a home
fire escape plan.
Almost three-quarters of Americans do have
an escape plan; however, more than half never practiced
One-third of Americans households who made
and estimate they thought they would have at least 6 minutes
before a fire in their home would become life threatening.
The time available is often less. And only 8% said their
first thought on hearing a smoke alarm would be to get
Almost two-thirds (62%) of reported home
fire deaths resulted from fires in homes with no smoke
alarms or no working smoke alarms.
Working smoke alarms cut the risk of dying
in reported home fires in half.
In fires considered large enough to activate
the smoke alarm, hardwired alarms operated 92% of the
time, while battery powered alarms operated only 77% of